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References by subject

Roads, connectivity, predators-prey, wildlife conservation, and more.

Washington black bear. WDFW
Washington black bear. WDFW

Wildlife and landscape

Cushman S.A., McKelvey K.S., Hayden J., Schwartz M.K. 2006. Gene flow in complex landscapes: Testing multiple hypotheses with causal modeling. The American Naturalist 168:486–499.

Manel, S., Schwartz M.K., Luikart, G., Taberlet, P. 2003. Landscape genetics: combining landscape ecology and population genetics. Trends in Ecology and Evolution 18:189–197.

Proctor, M.F., Paetkau, D., Mclellan, B.N., Stenhouse, G.B., Kendall, K.C., Mace, R.D., Kasworm, W.F., Servheen, C., Lausen, C.L., Gibeau, M.L., Wakkinen, W.L., Haroldson, M.A., Mowat, G., Apps, C.D., Ciarniello, L.M., Barclay, R.M.R., Boyce, M.S., Schwartz, C.C. and Strobeck, C. 2012. Population fragmentation and inter-ecosystem movements of grizzly bears in western Canada and the northern United States. Wildlife Monographs 180: 1–46.

Restoration forestry

Churchill, Derek and Andrew J. Larson. 2008. Spatial patterns of overstory trees in late-successional conifer forests. Can. J. For. Res.38: 2814–2825.

Cook, J. 2012. Top 100 forestry resources. ForestryDegree.Net.  Web. 27 Nov. 2012.
This is a webpage with direct links to multiple organizations involved in conservation, silviculture, and National and State parks pertaining to forestry.

Roads ecology

Benítez-López , A., R. Alkemade, and P.A. Verweij.  2010. The impacts of roads and other infrastructure on mammal and bird populations: a meta-analysis. Biological Conservation 143, 1307-1316.
This is a meta-analysis of the impacts of roads (and other infrastructure) on mammals and birds.

Fahrig, L., T. Rytwinski. 2009. Effects of roads on animal abundance: an empirical review and synthesis. Ecology and Society 14. 21p.
This article reviews the impacts of roads on animal abundance including amphibians, reptiles, birds, and small, mid-sized, and large mammals.

Coffin, A.W.  2007. From Roadkill to road ecology: a review of the ecological effects of roads. Journal of Transport Geography 15: 396-406.
This article reviews both the abiotic (hydrology, erosion, pollutants), and biotic (ecological) impacts of roads.

Switalski, T.A., J.A. Bissonette, T.H. DeLuca, C.H. Luce, and M.A. Madej. 2004. Benefits and impacts of road removal. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment. 2(1): 21-28.  http://www.fs.fed.us/rm/pubs_other/rmrs_2004_switalski_t001.pdf
This is a review of research on road reclamation and a call for more research on fish and wildlife. There have been a couple recent studies that focus on ecological impact.

Trombulak, S.C., and C.A. Frissell. 2000. Review of ecological effects of roads on terrestrial and aquatic communities. Conservation Biology 14: 18-30.
Classic review of all road impacts though a bit out dated.

Animal-vehicle collisions

Decker, D. J., K. M. Loconti Lee, and N. A. Connelly. 1990. Incidence and cost of deer-related vehicular accidents in Tompkins County, New York. Human Dimensions Research Group 89-7.  New York: Cornell University.

Huijser, M.P., P. McGowen, J. Fuller, A. Hardy, A. Kociolek, A.P. Clevenger, D. Smith & R. Ament. 2007. Wildlife-vehicle collision reduction study. Report to Congress. U.S. Department of Transportation, Federal Highway Administration, Washington D.C., USA.

Myers, W. L., W. Y. Chang, S. S. Germaine, W. M. Vander Haegen, and T. E. Owens. 2008. An analysis of deer and elk-vehicle collision sites along state highways in Washington State. Completion Report,  Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife.  Olympia, WA.  40 pages.

Wang, Yinhai, Yunteng Lao, Yao-Jan Wu, and Jonathan Corey. 2010. Identifying high risk locations of animal-vehicle collisions on Washington State highways. Washington State Transportation Center (TRAC), University of Washington, Seattle, WA.

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