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Canada lynx

The Canada lynx and Conservation Northwest's commitment to protecting it in Washington state and the transboundary forests shared with British Columbia, Canada.

Lynx and hare. Copyright Tom and Pat Leeson
Lynx and hare. Copyright Tom and Pat Leeson

Lynx canadensis

November 2014: We're going to court to ensure Canada lynx receive the critical habitat protections they need to recover in the Northwest. Learn more here.

Washington is home to one of the last and largest Canada lynx populations remaining in the United States. Along with bobcat and cougar, lynx are one of three wild cat species in North America. They are the most scarce of the three, with only a few hundred animals suspected to remain in the Lower 48.

In Washington, their range includes the North Cascades and Loomis Forest going east to the Columbia Highlands and Selkirk Mountains.

Protection status

In the lower 48 states, lynx are considered threatened under the Endangered Species Act. Their protection followed a petition and decade of support by Conservation Northwest and other conservation organizations.

Lynx were often trapped for their valuable fur during the last century, and this practice continues in Canada. 

Today, aggressive logging, roadbuilding, and development of lynx habitat has severely fragmented their living space. Snowmobile trails and roads pose problems for lynx because these packed-snow pathways give high-country access to cougar and coyote (which can eat lynx), and bobcat (which compete with lynx). As said so well by author Scott McMillion for The Nature Conservancy magazine, "The lynx has evolved to scrape a living from the dense boreal forests of North America, places where winter is the lean season, and it lasts a long time."

As said so well by author Scott McMillion for The Nature Conservancy magazine, "The lynx has evolved to scrape a living from the dense boreal forests of North America, places where winter is the lean season, and it lasts a long time."

What we are doing

We've worked hard to ensure that this magnificent animal continues to thrive and recover across the Pacific Northwest. With the help of thousands of Washingtonians, in 1999 we successfully protected the Loomis Forest, 25,000 acres of top lynx habitat.

In 2000, with a population perilously low and a decade after Conservation Northwest filed the original petition urging its protection, the Canada lynx was finally protected under the Endangered Species Act and listed as threatened in Washington. Now, Conservation Northwest is helping protect lynx in Washington in other ways as well, including redirecting logging outside of lynx critical habitat and connecting lynx habitat.

More about lynx

  • Lynx are considered a boreal species. Lynx are specially adapted to the deep snows of northern forests, where their massive paws keep them afloat in their snowy open forest and boreal habitat.
  • Smaller than a cougar but bigger than a bobcat, Canada lynx have silvery fur and black ear tufts. Their tails are shorter than a bobcat's! Read more on lynx by authority Gary Koehler
  • Snowshoe hares, the lynx's preferred food, thrive in the dense cover of a brushy forest understory. Lynx are adapted to the natural fire cycle of lodgepole pine. Fire opens cones and releases seeds, to create supple new shoots that feed snowshoe hares. Check out our article about the snowshoe hare and the science of predator-prey relationships.
  • Lynx need older forests, with plenty of snags, downed logs, and woody cover for hunting and denning.
  • Lynx are not particularly fast (it’s hard to hunt on snow!), so they have to be sneaky and lie in wait for their prey.
Hiking near the Loomis
Hiking near the Loomis

 

 

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